Information on seeds, pâtés, vitamins and other products.
Dr. Gysels' explanation clearly showed that a standard mix is insufficient ( cf. Article : Bird food ) to cover the food needs of birds. This finding formed for me the beginning of the search for the characteristics of the current seeds. So here are my findings.
Canary seed grass forms the main part of common mixtures. This seed is classified under the herbaceous. It is also called white alpiste.
This seed is rich in trace elements and amino acids such as leucine and arginine. Cystine is missing.
The average values :
Humidity 12,8 % Crude protein 15,1 % Fat 6,1 % Trace element 56 % Crude cellulose 5,3 % limestone 0,05 % Phosphorus 0,55 %
Millet and panicum are distinguished. From a scientific point of view, the two grains form only one family. The shape is round.
Yellow millet is the best known of the family. It contains a lot of trace elements. White millet is bigger than yellow, but it is not so hard.
Red millet is very hard, but it contains a lot of trace elements.
Japan's millet is the one that contains the highest proportion of protein.
The millet of Senegal is another name for the yellow millet.
Millet contains a lot of leucine-like proteins.
The average values :
Humidity 12,7 % Crude protein 11,1 % Fat 3,7 % Trace element 59,8 % Crude cellulose 8,9 % limestone 0,03 % Phosphorus 0,32 %
During our visit to Versele-Laga, Dr. P. Ghysels gave us a talk on the food of birds and the requirements of this food. This presentation, based on scientific research and experiments, was clear and easy to follow, with plenty of examples.
The result is that we are smarter on the point of food, but we are not yet specialists in bird food.
This article is based on the presentation of Dr. Ghysels and presents some points to be aware of.
For our birds, this balanced food consists of the following ingredients :
1. Protein, fat and carbohydrates.
2. Minerals and trace elements such as zinc, iron, etc.
The amount of protein needed depends on the situation. During breeding and moulting, this amount is significantly higher than during the resting season. Seed mixtures can never be adequate enough to provide the normal situation.
Carbohydrates are found in starch form in plants and seeds. Fats are concentrated sources of energy. Too much fat in the food causes a bad function of other materials in the digestion of food. The history of omega-3s is a good illustration of this case. Fats are found in oil-rich seeds. These seeds can constitute at most 1/5 of the mixture.
Minerals and trace elements must be presented daily. These elements constitute the "fitness" of the bird.
For the female, limestone is a primordial necessity. At each egg laid, the amount of limestone of the female decreases by 20%. During the breeding season, the female must be able to hold her limestone stock to the maximum. During this period, it is therefore necessary to provide extra limestone in the food.
1. Nutritional composition
Nutritional value per 100 gr:
Crude protein 9 grams; Carbohydrate 75 grams; Fat 1.8 grams; Crude cellulose 3.3 grams; Ashes, 3.4 grams.
Mineral value per 100 gr:
Calcium 44 mg; Phosphorus 177 mg; Iron 8.5 mg.
Vitamins for 100 gr:
Thiamine (B1) 470.5 mg; Riboflavin (B2) 100.1 mg; Niacin (B3) 190.9 mg.
Amino acids :
Cysteine 2.5%; Isoleucine 4.1%; Leucine 11.4%; 2.5% lysine; Methionine 4.5%; Phenylalanine 6.3%; Threonine 3.7%; Tryptophan 1.6%; Tyrosine 3.5%; Valine 5.5%.
Energy value: 1541 KJ
2. Study and effects of the seed
According to the links below, research has shown that foniopaddy has an anti-coccidiosis effect.
3. Advice, Advice and Observations
I distribute the foniopaddy in my zebrafinch breeding since 2015, I inform you of my return below.
The effect of this seed is characterized by drier and reduced droppings (smaller sizes).
At the beginning, most zebrafinch do not eat this seed, you have to let them discover it by mixing it for example with the farmed pâté or sprinkle it on the seed mixture (every day, because the foniopaddy is a small seed that will go quickly to the bottom of the manger) during 1 to 2 weeks. Then I leave the foniopaddy free distribution all year round in buckets.
I also distribute daily during the feeding, arranged above the breeding pie. I find it also beneficial to weaning, its small size makes it easier for young people coming out of the nest.
I give them a quantity of the value of a tablespoon of foniopaddy for 15 zebrafinch every 3 days. There is no limit, however, and since then I have not seen any contraindications. A large consumption does not cause any problem, nor is it indispensable of course. Some zebrafinch consume more than others.